Rule 501.        General Rule

Except as otherwise required by the Constitution of the

United States or provided by Act of Congress or in rules

prescribed by the Supreme Court pursuant to statutory

authority, the privilege of a witness, person, government,

State, or political subdivision thereof shall be governed by

the principles of the common law as they may be interpreted

by the courts of the United States in the light of reason and

experience.  However, in civil actions and proceedings, with

respect to an element of a claim or defense as to which State

law supplies the rule of decision, the privilege of a witness,

person, government, State, or political subdivision thereof

shall be determined in accordance with State law.